风险地图

安卓风险地图是一份基于安卓的贸易信息资料库,从多角度高度概述全球多个国家/市场的信用风险水平的风向标类研究报告。

安卓风险地图参考一系列资料源,并采用STAR评级系统。本系统由安卓经济研究团队开发,用以评估国家风险,包括不同的政治及经济风险,或是社会动乱冲突。

Country Risk Rating | Atradius Country Risk Map

国家风险

经营国际业务的公司需要一个稳定的海外营商环境;如果外国局势出现不利发展,将会影响公司的利润和投资,这些风险普遍称为“国家风险”。因此,对国际企业来说,国家风险水平及转变是重要的策略及营运指标。

国家风险包括一系列广泛因素,例如:政局发展、(武装)冲突风险及主权国家的财政状况。举例来说,这些因素与修改法规、没收资产风险、社会动乱、汇价管制及贬值息息相关。评估国家风险时,将会考虑主权国家的偿付意欲和能力,及其对公营或私营机构履行跨境偿付责任能力的影响。我们的政治风险保险合约亦保障“国家风险”事件;若您希望深入了解个别市场及其STAR评级,请参阅我们的国家报告。

安卓STAR评级

STAR是安卓的内部政治风险评级系统,用以评估国家风险,其全写为Sovereign Transfer and Arbitrary Risk(主权转移及任意行动风险)。STAR评级总结了与安卓保险合约有关的政治风险数据,特别集中于对公营或私营机构履行跨境偿付责任能力的影响。

广泛来说,安卓政治风险保单把导致违约的因素分类为主权转移或任意行动风险。

STAR评级设有1至10的评分标准,1分代表最低风险,而10分为最高风险。这10个评级再分为五大类别,以便反映信用条件。从条件涉及最少风险起计,这些类别可由“低风险”至“非常高风险”依次排列。

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